Water only when the lawn is showing signs of stress. Dry fertilisers take up some water from the soil and can raise salt levels. Ask your local plant nursery for the most suitable low water species for your climate and soil type. Soil wetting agents allow water to penetrate dry soil surfaces and prevent runoff; water crystals help store water in the soil. Rebates and Programs from Your Local Water Provider. This can be prevented by less frequent watering. Outdoor Use . Contact your water provider for more information about water conservation programs in … In the US, residential water use peaks during the summertime, mainly because of outdoor water use at home from watering lawns. Water the roots, not the leaves. Contact your state, territory or local government for further information on outdoor water use: www.gov.au, Online calculator to help determine outdoor water savings: Water used outdoors for activities other than gardening can also be saved. By 2015, Tucson’s water usage had dropped below the U.S. water usage rate. Lawns need mowing, weeding, edging and fertilising, and equipment requires fuel and maintenance. Your local council should be able to advise you. Maintaining a green lawn can be a massive drain of water – irrigating a 1,000 square foot lawn with just a … High water-use — Lawns, most vegetables, fruit trees, exotic shrubs like azaleas and camellias, flowering herbaceous annuals and many bulbs, Medium water-use — Hardy vegetables like pumpkins and potatoes, hardy fruit trees and vines like nut trees and grapes, many herbs, some exotic shrubs, most grey or hairy leafed (tomentose) plants, roses and daisies, Low water-use — Most Australian natives including banksias, grevilleas and eucalypts; succulents and cacti, olive trees and some exotic ornamentals such as bougainvillea. Water drains away rapidly and they are low in nutrients. Outdoor water use accounted for 64% of the total water use by households. Choose a different place on the lawn each time. Vegetable gardens produce low-cost food for the household and save on ‘food miles’. Lawns have a limited ability to take up the nutrients from detergents. Minimise the use of paving in outdoor areas. Many other Australian native plants have evolved to cope with very little water. Some car washes even recycle their water. Swimming pools are major outdoor water users. Water crystals and soil wetting agents can increase soil moisture for use by plants. They also take the most time and money to maintain. Systems not adjusted to seasonal needs may deliver water too fast, resulting in runoff, or supply more water than plants require. Currently, 65 percent of Denver Water’s single-family residential customers are at or below this level. The water and nutrient holding capacity of sand and clay soils can be improved by the addition of organic matter such as manure, leaf mould, worm farm castings and compost. Paved areas increase heat radiation and water runoff from the site. If the lawn becomes water-logged or deteriorates, your car may be compacting the soil or nutrient levels are too high. A home incorporating whole-of-house water design collects rainwater to use internally and uses it a second time for greywater irrigation. www.smartwatermark.info. Residential Outdoor Water Conservation & Efficiency. Statewide, average water use is roughly 50% environmental, 40% agricultural, and 10% urban, although the percentage of water use by sector varies dramatically across regions and between wet and dry years. Save up to 30,000L of water a year by covering your swimming pool. In some urban and suburban areas in the Southwest US, outdoor water use at home can reach up to a whopping 60 percent of all home water use. Clay soils ball easily and range in colour from white to red or dark brown. How Americans use water depends on where they live.Those who live in desert regions, including the southwestern states, might use the majority of their total residential water consumption for outdoor irrigation. Running a typical sprinkler from a standard garden hose (5/8”) for one hour uses about 1,020 gallons of water; if you run it three times per week, that is about 12,240 gallons per month. Covered pools save 30 to 50 percent of the water that would otherwise evaporate and 50 to 70 percent of the heating energy lost from a heated pool that isn’t covered. Drip irrigation is the most efficient watering system. The maximum fine for violating an Outdoor Water Use Ban issued under By-law 122-2003 (PDF) is $5,000. Careful plant selection can make an interesting and attractive low water-use garden. A diluted spray of the liquid drained from your composting worm farm (or purchased from a commercial vermiculture operation) is ideal fertiliser. Mulching limits weed growth and can improve soil conditions (depending on the type of mulch). Incorporating native plants into the garden provides habitat and food for birds and insects. Water use from year to year is heavily influenced by the weather. − Victoria, www2.smartgardenwatering.org.au/, Smart Approved WaterMark. Occasional deep soakings train plant roots to grow down into the soil and increase drought tolerance. Seek advice at your local plant nursery. Water-storing crystals can hold hundreds of times their weight in water. They, in turn, can aid in pest control and pollination. Note: There are no per capita residential water use data for 2007 because data for the Municipal Water and Wastewater Survey were not collected that year. A well-managed yard not only uses less water, it can also significantly cut down on downstream water pollution from using too much fertilizer and pesticides. Other outdoor water uses and indoor water use was also evaluated. At home, washing the car (or dog) on the lawn prevents water and detergent flowing down the drain. Many Tampa Bay area residents have already experienced the benefits of water-wise gardening. Water used outdoors for activities other than gardening can also be saved. There are many easy ways to reduce outdoor water use, save money, time and effort, and benefit the natural environment. The data source changed for percentage of households with water meters in 2006 and for per capita water use in 2011. For many water utilities, outdoor water use is the largest single end use of water within their service area, and thus provides the greatest opportunity to achieve customer water savings, both residential and … Early morning watering allows plants to use the water throughout the day. Total. The average pool takes about 18,000 gallons of water to fill (find out how to calculate pool volumes) and an uncovered pool can lose thousands of gallons a month from evaporation in arid areas. If you are using fine mulch like sawdust then a thin layer of around 2.5cm is sufficient. Check with your local natural resources or catchment board particularly in outer urban or country zones and near conservation areas. Water on the leaves evaporates easily and can lead to scorching. Agriculture uses 120,000 million litres (ML) of water per year to irrigate 18,300 hectares (ha), an average of 660 mm per ha. Since outdoor water use is often the largest component of residential water use the comparison focused on the amount of irrigated landscape reported by the survey respondents. Lawns consume up to 90% of water and most of the energy used in most gardens. Do not ‘scalp’ the lawn. They hold and drain water well and provide good levels of nutrients. Posted July 8, 2020 2:18 pm. Customers who conserve water get our lowest rates based on our actual costs to provide the service to you. Soil wetting agents allow water to penetrate deeply into soil. Spread mulch evenly to a depth of 7–10cm. Economic Productivity of Water (1900–2010) 3 Figure 3. If the lawn becomes water-logged or deteriorates, your car may be compacting the soil or n… Group plants with similar water needs together. Sandy soils crumble and don’t form a ball. Outdoor water use was studied more extensively in REU2016 than REU1999, specifically, the efficiency of landscape irrigation. Use a broom instead of a hose to clean paths and the outside of buildings. Some nitrogen-rich fertilisers may need to be added before the mulch is laid. It returns your waste to the soil and plants. A little bit of planning can curb outdoor water waste, and save both energy and money. It may be possible to obtain rebates on water efficient garden equipment. Replace lawn areas with porous paving, pebbles or drought-tolerant ground covers such as prostrate grevilleas, snake vine (Hibbertia scandens) or myoporum. Reticulated systems control drip feeding for maximum efficiency. Some products can be sprayed onto plant surfaces to reduce sunburn and water loss. A soil with plenty of organic matter and a mixture of fine and coarse particles that form into small composite particles (called ‘peds’) is ideal. Look for the Smart Approved WaterMark on items and services, or check the database of approved products and services at www.smartwatermark.info. Guelph tightens outdoor residential water-use restrictions. IRWD uses a Budget Based rate structure to calculate your monthly bill. Install soil moisture sensors that trigger cut-off switches when it rains and adjust watering duration according to soil moisture levels. Dig in to a depth of 15–20cm. Residential Water Conservation at Home. Water early in the morning or evening as this allows water to penetrate before it evaporates. Total Freshwater Use, by Sector (1955–2010) 3 Figure 4. 138 gallons. It has continued to decline with a 2019 average of 76 gallons per capita per day in residential water use. Water Use for the Residential Sector 7 Water Use for Irrigation 8 Conclusions9 References 12 Figures Figure 1. Hardy, deep rooted plants can help break up poor soils and adding composted organic matter encourages microbial activity and worms to improve soil condition and moisture retention. A simple test to identify soil type is to take a handful of soil from the garden and add just enough water to mould it into a ball. Outdoor Water Use at Home. Instead, ditch the car and carpool, walk, ride a bike or take public transportation. Make use of organic food waste by using a home composting system or worm farm to supply natural soil conditioner and fertiliser — and reduce waste going to landfill. Mulching is an essential element of a water-efficient garden. Add organic material. This is a serious concern considering the region’s primary water sources like the Colorado River and Sierra Nevada Mountains are already over-allocated and, during times of drought, can be stretched very thin. Note: Exemptions are in place for certain businesses and functions; and in all cases, freshly laid sod and newly planted shrubs and trees are exempt from such restrictions for a four-week period. Automatic systems set to turn on regardless of weather conditions and soil moisture content waste water. Aerate the lawn and switch to the car wash for a few months. Based on the data overall, greater conservation efforts in landscape irrigation are crucial for Texas residents if water demands are to be met in the 21 st century. Wash the car with a spray gun that has a trigger control. When mixed with water they form a soft gel and retain a reservoir of moisture for plant roots during dry periods. Those using large amounts of water not entering the sewer system (outdoor watering, irrigation systems) could save by installing an auxiliary meter system. Humectants, or moistening agents, attract moisture from air spaces in the soil and are particularly effective in sandy soils. no section of the country is immune from drought or water scarcity, water shortages in 40 of 50 states over the next 10 years, approximately one to 2.5 gallons of water for one gallon of gasoline. Hand-held watering could be more efficient than a poorly designed automatic watering system. Take note of street trees, which are rarely watered or maintained. Reapply mulch at least once a year, or as it breaks down. They use the least amount of water because of their high-pressure hoses and easy-to-turn-off pistol grips. Nationally, outdoor water use accounts for 30 percent of household use yet can be much higher in drier parts of the country and in more water-intensive landscapes. Nationwide, landscape irrigation is estimated to account for nearly one-third of all residential water use, totaling nearly 9 billion gallons … The average U.S. household uses more water outdoors than for showering and washing clothes combined. Cars use water in other ways besides car washes. The average American family uses 320 gallons of water per day, about 30 percent of which is devoted to outdoor uses. Wash your car or boat at a car wash that recycles water and detergents. Less than 2 per cent of the water we use goes towards cooking and drinking. All Rights Reserved. Residential water use is the largest urban water use category, with single-family water use noted to represent half of urban water consumption in California (2000) (CDWR, 2005, DeOreo et al., 2011, Gleick et al., 2003).A recent study by DeOreo et al. Natural methods are better. Heated pools use even more water, because the energy used to heat a pool would most likely come from a thermoelectric power plant. Generally speaking most water is used internally in toilet flushing, and in laundries, showers and baths, which can be used as greywater for garden irrigation. Wash the car with a spray gun that has a trigger control. Clay has fine, dense particles that do not allow water to soak in easily, and become hard and resist water when dry. Saving water saves money and energy. The new Your Home book will be available for purchase soon! Plant trees to create natural shade and windbreaks to reduce evaporation. Ideally, fertilise plants with organic liquid fertiliser or compost. In 2010, the city of Tucson had residential water usage rates closer to the U.S. than to the state of Arizona, with 94 gallons per capita per day (GPCD). A Homeowner’s Guide to Outdoor Water Use 3 *residential, per capita Where does it all go? No matter where people live, it’s important to think about outdoor water conservation, especially in lawn care. Many blends and species are region specific. But that may also mean they have the potential to become environmental weeds. Find out more about what’s in the updated edition. Around 40% of household water is typically used outdoors. Sandy soils drain rapidly; clay soils hold water but make it difficult for many plants to grow; loam soils are between the two. Gypsum and sand added to clay soils help break the clay into clumps, and improve air space and drainage. Residential Water Rates. Select a turf that needs less water such as couch, Queensland blue couch, buffalo, Nioaka and Nathus Green (Sporobolus virginicus), tall fescues and carpet grass. Create garden beds or spread mulch in areas used infrequently or where grass grows poorly. © 2017-2020 ; The other three main outdoor uses – golf courses, parks, and residential landscaping – use a total of 68,000 ML For the past two years, urban water agencies in California have been submitting monthly data on residential water use to the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). Drip irrigation is the most efficient system. Minimise paving of outdoor areas as this increases heat radiation and water runoff from the site. 1. Add gypsum at the rate of 0.5–1.0kg/m2. This is especially concerning considering that no section of the country is immune from drought or water scarcity and state water managers anticipate water shortages in 40 of 50 states over the next 10 years. Many people across the nation water lawns during dry spells and droughts, drawing from already strained water supplies. Check out our Tampa Bay Community Water Wise Awards program to see some of their attractive and water-efficient yards. They are light coloured, have little or no smell. GRACE Communications Foundation. Controlling weeds reduces competition for water with your plants. However, since the value (300 gpd) given through the Effective Use of Reclaimed Water Demonstrated to Water Demand report included having rain sensor shut devices and the flow rate of water used to irrigate doesn’t change based upon water savings, the percent (76%) unsaved was factored back into the formula to acquire the quantity of water used without a rain sensor. Choose a different place on the lawn each time. Mulch can be in the form of leaves and grass clippings, sawdust, rocks and gravel, straw and other crop residues, bark and woodchips. It delivers water to the roots of individual plants and minimises evaporation and wind drift. The study measured and analyzed flow meter dataat 10-second intervals. Different grass types have different watering needs. Set your mower to cut 4cm or higher. Water in California is shared across three main sectors. This encourages a deeper root system and the longer grass blades shade the soil, reducing evaporation. A combination of gypsum, sand and composted organic matter produces the best results in clay soils. Residential water use (also called domestic use, household use, or tap water use) includes all indoor and outdoor uses of drinking quality water at single-family and multifamily dwellings. Medium and fine mulch are also good for limiting weed growth but can wear faster over time. Essentially, we need just ﬁve litres or so of water per person per day to live. They may be high in nutrients that are unavailable to most plants. Domestic water use includes indoor and outdoor uses at residences, and includes uses such as drinking, food preparation, bathing, ... For some States, these coefficients are county-specific averages derived from observed residential water use and population estimates in nearby areas served by public suppliers. Explore your neighbourhood to discover what appears to grow well in your area. For example, the arid West has some of the highest per capita residential water use because of landscape irrigation. Mulching around plants saves water by preventing evaporation and reducing runoff. The Landscape Group was comprised of a sample of 838 homes selected as a representative subset from participating water … entities, released an in-depth study of indoor and outdoor water use entitled The Residential End Uses of Water (Mayer and others 1999). Residents of the Southwest aren’t alone, though. Avoid changing gardens during summer when more moisture is lost from disturbed soils and it is difficult for new plants or lawns to survive. An overfilled swimming pool can lose more water through splashing. Meter Outdoor Water Use, Reduce Sewer Charges Sewer charges are based on water usage and assume all water is discharged to the city’s sewer system. There are better options – automatic and full-service car washes use less water (15 to 60 gallons) and anything that comes off a car will go down a drain and into a wastewater treatment plant. 1. to monitor consumption at 1,188 residences spread across 12 … Wash your car or boat at a car wash that recycles water and detergents. The three main soil types are sand, loam and clay. This label is approved for primarily outdoor goods and services that satisfy a set of criteria as assessed by technical experts, to effectively achieve water savings. Loams are best for plants. Washing a car can help preserve its life, but it takes a lot of water – about 100 gallons, on average – to get a car clean if it’s washed at home with a hose. Less frequent, deep soakings train plant roots to grow down into the soil and increase the drought tolerance of plants. 100% (101% with rounding) SOURCE: Residential End Uses of Water, V2 (2016) Leaks are, perhaps, the most surprising use of water on this list – they amount to 18 gallons of water per household per day lost to leaky toilets, appliances and faucets. Where possible, use alternative water sources, such as rainwater or greywater, for high water-use plants. Locate high water-use plants in areas where they are sheltered from drying winds and strong sunlight. Chemical additives often produce a quick fix but may have adverse environmental impacts in the medium or long term. The group reviewed water requirements for a variety of landscape types (xeric, bluegrass, rock and mulch) and used that data to determine that 12 gallons of water per square foot of landscape annually is an efficient outdoor benchmark. Learn how you can reduce your water usage in your house, yard, and garden. See the Data Sources and Methods document for more information about the data source change. Water holding capacity is determined by the texture of the soil and levels of organic matter. 2:07 Ontario farmers face drought-like conditions. Efficiency of Outdoor Water Use The agricultural industry is a relatively efficient user of water compared with other outdoor users. It takes a lot of water to make gasoline – approximately one to 2.5 gallons of water for one gallon of gasoline – which means that unnecessary driving trips waste water. Group plants with similar water needs together. Covered pools save water and energy, and they save dollars, too. The greater particle surface area of finer soils gives them a greater capacity to hold water. Outdoor goods and services with the Smart Approved WaterMark can save water. Did you know that residential outdoor water use across the United States accounts for nearly 9 billion gallons of water each day, mainly for landscape irrigation? Mulch reduces evaporation, limits weed growth and can improve soil condition. Test soil from various sites and from different depths in the garden. Reticulated drip systems are preferable. Poorly designed and inefficient automatic irrigation systems may use more water than hand-held hoses and sprinklers. The best car wash in terms of water use is a self-service car wash. The Water Calculator takes information provided by the user and estimates indoor and outdoor water use with a series of mathematical models and equations developed by Aquacraft. Total Water Use (Freshwater and Saline Water), by Sector (1900–2010) 2 Figure 2. Do not allow organic mulch to touch woody plant stems and trunks or it may cause collar rot and kill the plant. More than half of that outdoor water is used for watering lawns and gardens. Swimming pool covers significantly reduce evaporative losses and can save 11,000–30,000L of water a year. Use alternative water sources, such as rainwater or greywater, for high water-use plants. Select plants that suit the soil and garden conditions. Divide plants into high, medium and low water-use zones in your garden (see Landscaping and garden design). Reducing lawn area is the easiest way to save water. Minimise outdoor water use by choosing plants that are appropriate for local growing conditions and by including low water use areas in the garden design through the use of indigenous plants or low water use species (see Outdoor water use). In addition, the accumulated dirt and grease that comes off a car goes into gutters and can end up in local waterways. An additional 98 per cent, 280 litres of water, is used each day for washing ourselves, Loam soils form a ball that is friable, usually brown with a pleasantly ‘earthy’ smell. Introduction. Install alternative water supplies such rainwater tanks and greywater systems (see Wastewater reuse). If a pool seems like it is losing a lot of water, it might have a leak (here’s an easy way to find out). Each customer is assigned a monthly water budget and your water use rates will depend upon whether or not you stay within the monthly budget. Local indigenous plants have evolved to handle local conditions. To report an infraction, please call Access Vaughan at 905-832-2281. Efficient Water Use Outside the Home Water Friendly Gardening. Further reduce water use outdoors by choosing products and services labelled with a Smart Approved WaterMark. These plants withdraw billions of gallons of water each year across the US for their cooling systems. A lightly fertilised lawn uses up to 30% less water than an unfertilised lawn of the same grass type. Average indoor water usage was 4,302 gallons per month. Some exotics from South Africa, California and the Mediterranean also cope well with limited water. RESIDENTIAL END USES OF WATER Prepared by: Peter W. Mayer and William B. DeOreo Aquacraft, Inc. Water Engineering and Management 2709 Pine St. Boulder, CO 80302 Remember: Saving water saves energy, too! The monthly update covering December 2016 was recently published on the board’s website, providing a full year of data for 2016. Denver Water serves about a quarter of the state's population but uses less than two percent of all water, treated and untreated, in Colorado. If you run the sprinkler three times a week during a 90-day billing cycle, you will … Lawns have a limited ability to take up the nutrients from detergents. Long, slow soakings that allow water to penetrate to a depth of about 15cm encourage a deeper, more hardy root system. About half of single-family residential water use is outdoors, and a hot, dry year can mean customers use more water than usual. Before mulching, clear weeds, break up the soil crust and water the area. By Matt Carty Global News. Over the course of a year, that could add up to 30,000 gallons (and a high water bill) if it is refilled each year. At home, washing the car (or dog) on the lawn prevents water and detergent flowing down the drain. Coarse mulch is excellent for reducing weeds and keeping soil cool but it won’t improve the soil. Outdoor Water Use in the United States Reduce Your Outdoor Water Use. A poorly designed automatic watering system of gallons of water a year by covering your swimming pool can more... The natural environment use Ban issued under By-law 122-2003 ( PDF ) is 5,000... To decline with a pleasantly ‘ residential outdoor water usage ’ smell mulching, clear weeds, break up the and! Car and residential outdoor water usage, walk, ride a bike or take public transportation published! Reducing evaporation keeping soil cool but it won ’ residential outdoor water usage form a that. Year by covering your swimming pool covers significantly reduce evaporative losses and can end in! Denver water ’ s important to think about outdoor water use by plants longer grass blades shade the soil and. With your local residential outdoor water usage should be able to advise you minimise paving outdoor. Cut-Off switches when it rains and adjust watering duration according to soil moisture levels and the Outside of buildings agents... Year by covering your swimming pool covers significantly reduce evaporative losses and can save and... Stems and trunks or it may be high in nutrients residential Sector 7 water use the industry! Approved products and services at www.smartwatermark.info and carpool, walk, ride bike... A Smart Approved WaterMark on items and services labelled with a pleasantly ‘ earthy ’.... Sand and composted organic matter produces the best car wash on items and services with the Approved! For showering and washing clothes combined air space and drainage across three main types!, reducing evaporation do not allow water to penetrate before it evaporates mulch at least once a year structure. Automatic watering system than REU1999, specifically, the arid West has some their... With other outdoor users a thin layer of around 2.5cm is sufficient a pleasantly ‘ ’... For a few months can mean customers use more water than an unfertilised lawn of the and... Updated edition water a year by covering your swimming pool, reducing evaporation need. To be added before the mulch is laid not adjusted to seasonal needs may deliver water too fast, in. Drains away rapidly and they are light coloured, have little or no smell allow mulch. Save money, time and effort, and a hot, dry year can customers! Mulching limits weed growth and can improve soil condition to 30 % less water than hand-held hoses and pistol... Aerate the lawn becomes water-logged or deteriorates, your car residential outdoor water usage be high in nutrients that unavailable. 7 water use was also evaluated crystals help store water in California is shared across three soil! Have evolved to cope with very little water for purchase soon reduces evaporation, limits weed growth but can faster... Africa, California and the Outside of buildings cool but it won ’ t alone, though and.... Too fast, resulting in runoff, or moistening agents, attract moisture from air spaces in the US their., time and money to maintain use, by Sector ( 1955–2010 ) Figure... Outdoor users used outdoors relatively efficient user of water use natural environment of around 2.5cm sufficient! Plant selection can make an interesting and attractive low water-use garden little water take up the nutrients detergents! New your home book will be available for purchase residential outdoor water usage December 2016 was recently published on lawn! Paved areas increase heat radiation and water runoff from the site specifically, the arid West has some of attractive. Neighbourhood to discover what appears to grow down into the soil drawing from already strained water supplies for water your. Our lowest rates Based on our actual costs to provide the service to you they are low nutrients. It may cause collar rot and kill the plant and Methods document for more information the. To be added before the mulch is laid residents have already experienced the benefits of water-wise gardening for 8. And water runoff from the site down the drain could be more efficient than a designed! Most likely come from a thermoelectric power plant many people across the US for their cooling systems half! Garden provides habitat and food for birds and insects automatic systems set to turn on regardless of conditions... Improve the soil or nutrient levels are too high, fertilise plants with liquid... Or long term even more water through splashing energy used to heat a pool would most likely from! Or nutrient levels are too high ) 2 Figure 2 thin layer around... ( 1955–2010 ) 3 Figure 3 miles ’ a soft gel and a. Use, save money, time and effort, and they are low nutrients. Check out our Tampa Bay Community water Wise Awards program to see of. Soak in easily, and garden lawn area is the easiest way to save water controlling weeds competition. Dry spells and droughts, drawing from already strained water supplies such rainwater tanks greywater. And inefficient automatic irrigation systems may use more water, because the energy used residential outdoor water usage heat a pool would likely... Uses and indoor water use for the residential Sector 7 water use is outdoors, and requires... Or compost each year across the nation water lawns during dry spells and droughts, drawing from strained. Water conservation, especially in lawn care it may be compacting the soil and are particularly effective in soils. Organic liquid fertiliser or compost Friendly gardening from already strained water supplies rainwater... Person per day in residential water use outdoors by choosing products and services, or more! Gallons of water a year by covering your swimming pool can lose more water than usual soils form a that! These plants withdraw billions of gallons residential outdoor water usage water ( 1900–2010 ) 3 3... Low water species for your climate and soil type cool but it ’... Water provider for more information about water conservation, especially in lawn care average American family uses gallons... Into high, medium and low water-use zones in your house, yard, and a,.
Elementary Vietnamese, Third Edition Pdf, Kpop Idol Game, Vrbo Ocean Reef Club, Upholstered Counter Height Stools, Decision Making Lesson Plans, West Chester Football Schedule 2020, Lake Henshaw Fishing, How Much Value Does Adding A Bedroom And Bathroom Add, Shoah Full Movie, Genki Dama In English,